Yield loss study of Stemphylium blight on lentil

  • Lentils
  • Disease Management
  • University of Saskatchewan

Lead Investigator(s)

Dr. Sabine Banniza

Lead Investigator(s) Institution

University of Saskatchewan - CDC

Objective

To develop a protocol for the mass production of spores (conidia) of Stemphylium botryosum for the purpose of controlled inoculations. To conduct replicated field experiments to determine yield loss through stemphylium blight. To evaluate and optimize the use of tunnels and spore inoculation for resistance screening of lentil germplasm to stemphylium blight.

Outcome

A semi-solid state fermentation protocol for mass production of spores was successfully developed. Yield loss experiments indicated that infection at the seedling stage, and possibly at early to mid-flower can affect seed quality, primarily in terms of seed staining, seed infection with the pathogen and, to a certain degree, seed thickness. Therefore, early scouting should also include stemphylium blight. Considering the relatively high levels of seed infection it may be necessary to develop thresholds for stemphylium blight as are already in place for ascochyta blight in lentil. Although the use of inoculum and low tunnels overall worked well, experiments were confounded to a certain degree by natural inoculum, so future experiments may require the use of tunnels and fungicide applications in control plots. Assessments of low tunnels and spore inoculations for screening of breeding materials were overall positive and a wide range of disease was observed. For even stemphylium blight development a minimum plot size still needs to be determined as single-row plots were too small.

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Agronomy

SPG Contribution

$105,387.00

Project Status

Complete

Duration/Timeline of Project (Year to Year)

2011 - 2016

Co-funders

Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture - Agriculture Development Fund

Total Project Cost

$197,029.00